briefly explain the chapter concepts

Study Material for First Exam Chapter 1 Concepts Objective & subjective effects of psychoactive drugs Distinctions between drug use, drug abuse, and drug addiction Social construction of “drug problem” Moral entrepreneurs and moral panic Facets/components of creation of deviance Chapter 2 Concepts 1800s (Dope Fiend’s Paradise) vs. 1900s (Repression) Anti-drug legislation of 1900s and consequences Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 The Harrison Narcotics Act of 1914 American Drug policies shaped by minorities: ? Chinese immigration and opiates ? Prohibition – Association with Irish ? Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 – Association with Mexicans Title II – Controlled Substance Act and Criteria The process of scheduling a drug, as well as potential problems with this process Chapter 3 Various classification taxonomies: ? Legal (Scheduling) ? Intended function (Goode) ? Psychopharmacological (the text) Types of drugs ? Narcotics (natural, synthetic) ? Other Depressants (alcohol and how its measured) ? Stimulants (illegal and legal) ? Hallucinogens (natural, synthetic) ? Marijuana ? Other substances Myths of marijuana use Chapter 4 Problems encountered by researchers in estimating drug use Key Concepts: ? Epidemiology ? Etiology ? Prevalence ? Incidence Official and unofficial sources of drug-use statistics (types, focus, weaknesses) Chapter 5 Core theoretical explanations for drug use and abuse Nature theories Biological theories Psychological theories ? Psychoanalytic Explanations ? Personality Theories ? Behavioral Sociological theories ? Social Process ? Social Learning: Differential Association & Reinforcement ? Social Control Theory ? Structural ? Strain – Merton, Cloward & Ohlin, Agnew ? Cultural Deviance – O’Donnell, Johnson ? Reaction ? Labeling – Becker: Master Status, Secondary deviance ? Conflict – Currie

briefly explain the chapter concepts

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